Permission denied /home/.htaccess pcfg_openfile unable to check htaccess file

While migrating my server data to anther server, Permission denied /home/.htaccess pcfg_openfile unable, I got this error. while restarting apache server I got following error.

[Mon Apr 25 12:15:41 2016] [crit] [client] (13)Permission denied: /home/purab/.htaccess pcfg_openfile: unable to check htaccess file, ensure it is readable

Background, I am using centos (Linux) for hosting my sites and I am using user defined directory and apache 2.4 version for server.

I was not using .htaccess file in that location, still I was getting this error. Easy solution will be disable .htaccess setting httpd.conf file If we are planning not to use the htaccess file in our project. I found many solutions but that didn’t solved my issue. above issue is specific to file permission.

Permission denied /home/.htaccess pcfg_openfile unable

If it isn’t obvious that .htaccess cannot be read by the server (either 0755 or .htacess and the rest of the tree is in www-data group), search for a higher directory root only onwer:group which does *not* have world execute access.
In order for apache to find a file, it has to search down the tree. It cannot do this if a directory which is root:root does not have global execute access.

I executed following command to change ownership of public_html folder.

chown apache -R /home/purab
usermod -a -G /home/purab apache

After this I restarted my apache server using following command.

/etc/init.d/httpd restart

Using above command, it solved my issue. But purab user cannot edit the files in purab folder. So I used setfacl command.

What is setfacl command?

This utility sets Access Control Lists (ACLs) of files and directories. On the command line, a sequence of commands is followed by a sequence of files (which in turn can be followed by another sequence of commands, …).

The options -m, and -x expect an ACL on the command line. Multiple ACL entries are separated by comma characters (‘,’). The options -M, and -X read an ACL from a file or from standard input. The ACL entry format is described in Section ACL ENTRIES.

Finally I executed following command which solved my issue.

chown purab: /home/purab -R
setfacl -R -m apache:rwx /home/purab

Using above command I kept purab directory permission to purab user again so purab user has all permission of directory. Using setfacl command I given permission to apache user for read, write and execute permission. It worked for me and solved my issue.

Published by Purab

I am Purab from India, Software development is my profession and teaching is my passion. Programmers blog dedicated to the JAVA, Python, PHP, DevOps and Opensource Frameworks. Purab's Github Repo Youtube Chanel Video Tutorials Connect to on LinkedIn

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