How to install Nginx and PHP on Ubuntu

For this tutorial I am using the Ubuntu 8.10 linux version. We given very easy steps for installing php and ngnix and configuration details.

How to install Nginx and PHP on Ubuntu

Install Nginx
# sudo apt-get install nginx

If apache server is installed on your machine then please stop the apache server first.

#sudo /etc/init.d/nginx start

#sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults

Install PHP5

#sudo apt-get install php5-cgi php5-mysql php5-curl php5-gd php5-idn php-pear php5-imagick php5-imap php5-mcrypt php5-memcache php5-mhash php5-ming php5-pspell php5-recode php5-snmp php5-sqlite php5-tidy php5-xmlrpc php5-xsl

Open the PHP.ini file

#sudo vim /etc/php5/cgi/php.ini

Insert following line at the end of php.ini file
cgi.fix_pathinfo = 1

Install the lighttpd server

#sudo apt-get install lighttpd

You will see an error message saying that lighttpd couldn’t start because port 80 is already in use.

For removing the error message use following command

#sudo update-rc.d -f lighttpd remove

Start the FastCGI daemon service

#sudo /usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u www-data -g www-data -f /usr/bin/php5-cgi -P /var/run/

If you want run following command whenever you boot the system. Open following file.

#sudo vim /etc/rc.local

Copy paste following following lines in file.

/usr/bin/spawn-fcgi -a -p 9000 -u www-data -g www-data -f /usr/bin/php5-cgi -P /var/run/

Configuration Nginx

#sudo vim /etc/nginx/nginx.conf
Just copy paste the following code in end of httpd block. Dont paste outside of http block.

server {
listen 80;
server_name _;

access_log /var/log/nginx/localhost.access.log;

location / {
root /var/www/nginx-default;
index index.php index.html index.htm;

location /doc {
root /usr/share;
autoindex on;
deny all;

location /images {
root /usr/share;
autoindex on;

#error_page 404 /404.html;

# redirect server error pages to the static page /50x.html
error_page 500 502 503 504 /50x.html;
location = /50x.html {
root /var/www/nginx-default;

# proxy the PHP scripts to Apache listening on
#location ~ \.php$ {

# pass the PHP scripts to FastCGI server listening on
location ~ \.php$ {
fastcgi_index index.php;
fastcgi_param SCRIPT_FILENAME /var/www/nginx-default$fastcgi_script_name;
include fastcgi_params;

# deny access to .htaccess files, if Apache’s document root
# concurs with nginx’s one
location ~ /\.ht {
deny all;

How to install Nginx and PHP on Ubuntu

How to install Nginx and PHP on Ubuntu

Just restart the Nginx server.

#sudo /etc/init.d/nginx restart

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